Wiki Wiki Shuttle at Honolulu International Airport

Published: 2021-06-29 07:10:43
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Wiki
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
This article is about the type of website. For other uses, see Wiki (disambiguation).
"Edit summary" redirects here. For edit summaries as used in Wikipedia, see Help:Edit summary.
"WikiNode" redirects here. For the WikiNode of Wikipedia, see Wikipedia:WikiNode.

A wiki (i/ˈwɪki/ wik-ee) is a website that allows the creation and editing of any number of interlinked web pages via a web browser using a simplified markup language or a WYSIWYG text editor.[1][2][3] Wikis are typically powered by wiki software and are often used collaboratively by multiple users. Examples include community websites, corporate intranets, knowledge management systems, and note services. The software can also be used for personal notetaking.
Wikis serve different purposes. Some permit control over different functions (levels of access). For example editing rights may permit changing, adding or removing material. Others may permit access without enforcing access control. Other rules can be imposed for organizing content.
Ward Cunningham, the developer of the first wiki software, WikiWikiWeb, originally described it as "the simplest online database that could possibly work."[4] "Wiki" (pronounced [ˈwiti] or [ˈviti]) is a Hawaiian word meaning "fast" or "quick".[5]
Contents [hide]
1 History
2 Characteristics
2.1 Editing wiki pages
2.2 Navigation
2.3 Linking and creating pages
3 Implementations
4 Trust and security
4.1 Controlling changes
4.2 Searching
4.3 Trustworthiness
4.4 Security
5 Communities
6 Conferences
7 Rules
8 Legal environment
9 See also
10 References
11 Further reading
12 External links
History

Main article: History of wikis


Wiki Wiki Shuttle at Honolulu International Airport
WikiWikiWeb was the first wiki.[6] Ward Cunningham started developing WikiWikiWeb in Portland, Oregon, in 1994, and installed it on the Internet domain c2.com [7] on March 25, 1995. It was named by Cunningham, who remembered a Honolulu International Airport counter employee telling him to take the "Wiki Wiki Shuttle" bus that runs between the airport's terminals. According to Cunningham, "I chose wiki-wiki as an alliterative substitute for 'quick' and thereby avoided naming this stuff quick-web."[8][9]
Cunningham was in part inspired by Apple's HyperCard. Apple had designed a system allowing users to create virtual "card stacks" supporting links among the various cards. Cunningham developed Vannevar Bush's ideas by allowing users to "comment on and change one another's text."[2][10]

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