A large organization needs to be run as effective and efficient as possible so it can compete with other organizations. What organizations have done to accomplish this is to use teams. One person cannot perform all tasks alone; a person needs the support of others in order to be excellent in whatever they do.
"A team is a group of individuals, all working together for a common purpose. The individuals that are part of a team should have common goals, common objectives, and more or less think on the same lines", (MSG, 2012). Individuals on a team should have similar interests, thought processes, attitude, perception, and likings. Team members should all work together and strive towards the achievement of the goal in which they were given. A team should consist of about seven to fifteen members depending on what type of team it is. If there are too many on a team, it could lead to confusion and misunderstanding. What a manager needs and wants in a team is the "positive synergy through coordinated effort", (Judge and Robbins, 2012, p. 123).
There are many types of teams used in an organization; some of the most common types of teams are Problem-solving, Self-managed, Cross-functional, and Virtual. A problem-solving team includes members that "share ideas or suggest how work processes and methods can be improved", (Judge and Robbins, 2012, p. 124). This type of team usually consists of five to twelve individuals from the same department and meets only a few hours a week. This team may only suggest their answers to the manager.