Speeding Tickets

Published: 2021-06-29 06:55:55
essay essay

Category: Business

Type of paper: Essay

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I/ Who are the winners at different stages of the changing travel industry?

Upon the sequence of related events, the winners at different stages are mentioned as follows:

1/ At the stage of the appearance of GDS (Global Distribution Systems):
* Outline:
- "By the 1950s, American Airline's growth outpaced its ability to manage its inventory of seats using manual methods".
- It was told that American Airline encountered to meet IBM and they together decided to develop a system named SABRE for the purpose of controlling the seats on flights. At the end of the day this system was turned out to become "the control center through which American Airlines functioned".
- "After witnessing the success of Sabre system, other airlines sought to construct similar systems. IBM used its experience with Sabre to develop a scaled-down CRS called Passenger Airline Reservation Systems (PARS), targeting medium sized airlines. IBM began taking orders for PARS in 1965, and by 1968, had several important airline customers"
- "By 1972, of the ten major airlines operating in the U.S., only one did not operate the IBM PARS system".
* Conclusion:
- The winner was IBM when it could achieve an almost full-sized profit from this industry. IBM was the leader on creating a competition of technology to develop the Ticket Distribution scheme thus its market share was recorded as a key player.
2/ At the stage of the power of GDS companies (Global Distribution Systems):
* Outline:
- There were only 04 GDS operators (Sabre, Galileo, Amadeus and Worldspan) leading the market share on providing "the flight schedule searching and booking capability for almost all travel agents in United States".

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